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来源:凤凰开放    发布时间:2017年12月12日 21:46:32    编辑:admin         

Milkman vs. MailmanWith the development of science and technology, change has penetrated into every aspect of our daily life. To illustrate that, I’d like to make a comparison of these two seemingly insignificant things: milkman and mailman, whose differences indicate our changing way of living with the times.Home milk delivery has almost gone extinct in China now, also gone with it are the milkmen, who once delivered bottled fresh milk door-to-door. On the other hand, mailman’s business or the courier service has thrived as online shopping gains popularity. However, in retrospect, I find something has been lost in this transition, something Shakespeare called as “the milk of human kindness”.When I was a kid, milk wasn’t for sale everywhere. For the families who need it, they depended on the milkmen to take it from the local dairy farms to their houses. In our neighborhood, there was such a milkman, whose arrival was much anticipated by the children and always brought us laughter and joy. He knew the name of every kid and could easily see through our tricks. If we didn’t behave, he would side with our parents and threaten to rob us of the nutritious drink. The entire neighborhood was acquainted with him; saw him as a member of the community just like the many residents or street vendors. There was a bond between all of us for it was not only the commodities that been transacted, but also a sense of caring and dependability. And that small box fixed onto our door, other than being a drop-off point for milk; it was a communication junction between the people as we took the initiative to reach out to others.Fast forward to today, milk is ubiquitous with no dedicated delivery system. But the convenience level of our live has gone up a notch. Almost everything is for sale online, which spares us all the travelling and talking. With a few y clicks, shopping is done. The rest is left for those speed delivery companies. Usually it’s a grumpy mailman, who reaches us through cell phone, urging everyone to pick up their parcels as soon as possible. And the minute the receipt is signed, we rush back to unpack while the courier dashes to the next destination. There is barely a conversation carried out, nor do we feel the need to talk to such a stranger, who changes from time to time frequently. It seems that people are always in a hurry now, though we have more conveniences, still we run short of time to stop and stare, to speak and share.Call me an old-timer, but I think the personal touch represented by the milkman is what has been missing in the modern society. William Wordsworth once wrote that “Getting and spending, we lay waste our powers.” Modern technology may have multiplied our possessions or gave us more conveniences, but we run the risk of reducing our values if we lay waste our power of interpersonal relationships.05/72100。

Earlier this week, we did something that’s never been done here at the White House – we had a Twitter Town Hall. I even sent my first live tweet as President. The questions at the town hall were sent in from across the country and covered all kinds of topics – from jobs and the economy to education and energy.Lots of people also submitted different versions of another question. They’d start by saying that our politics has grown so contentious. Then they’d ask, When will both parties in Congress come together on behalf of the people who elected them?That’s a really important question, and it goes to the heart of a debate we’re having right now in this country – and that’s the debate about how to tackle the problem of our deficits and our debt.Now, there are obviously real differences in approach. I believe we need a balanced approach. That means taking on spending in our domestic programs and our defense programs. It means addressing the challenges in programs like Medicare so we can strengthen those programs and protect them for future generations. And it means taking on spending in the tax code – spending on tax breaks and deductions for the wealthiest Americans. But I also know that Republicans and Democrats don’t see eye to eye on a number of issues. And so, we’re going to continue working over the weekend to bridge those gaps.The good news is, we agree on some of the big things. We agree that after a decade of racking up deficits and debt, we finally need to get our fiscal house in order. We agree that to do that, both sides are going to have to step outside their comfort zones and make some political sacrifices. And we agree that we simply cannot afford to default on our national obligations for the first time in our history; that we need to uphold the full faith and credit of the ed States of AmericaWith a recovery that’s still fragile and isn’t producing all the jobs we need, the last thing we can afford is the usual partisan game-playing in Washington. By getting our fiscal house in order, Congress will be in a stronger position to focus on some of the job-creating measures I’ve aly proposed – like putting people to work rebuilding America’s infrastructure, or reforming our patent system so that our innovators and entrepreneurs have a greater incentive to generate new products, or making college more affordable for families. And businesses that may be holding back because of the uncertainty surrounding the possibility of a default by the U.S. government will have greater confidence to invest and create jobs.I know we can do this. We can meet our fiscal challenge. That’s what the American people sent us here to do. They didn’t send us here to kick our problems down the road. That’s exactly what they don’t like about Washington. They sent us here to work together. They sent us here to get things done.Right now, we have an extraordinary – and extraordinarily rare – opportunity to move forward in a way that makes sure our government lives within its means, that puts our economy on a sounder footing for the future, and that still invests in the things we need to prosper in the years to come. And I’m hopeful that we will rise to the moment, and seize this opportunity, on behalf of all Americans, and the future we hold in common. Thanks everyone, and have a great weekend201107/143914。

全球顶级CEO的演讲(2) :CompaqThank you, and good morning. It is always an honor and a pleasure to speak here at PC Expo. An honor because this is the premier PC show in the industry .And a pleasure because it gives me an opportunity to thank all of the Compaq customers in this audience this morning for your business. We at Compaq know that our success comes from one source - our customers. We also know that in this highly competitive business, we must continuously earn your trust and your confidence. To that end, we are committed to provide you with innovative products like the ones you will see on display at our booth here at the Javits Center to deliver the most rewarding buying experience and to constantly improve our ability to meet your computing needs. It is this last point that is really at the heart of what I want to talk about today - how Compaq is evolving to meet your rapidly changing needs. I want to discuss our vision of a new world of computing ,our decision to acquire Digital and what the combined company will be able to do for you. Success in our industry is a constant process of invention and re-invention. How could it be any other way in a world that is changing so rapidly - where the market rules that seemed clear one day appear to be out of date the next? Where product lifecycles continue to shrink from years to months and even to weeks? Where computing has moved from the small scale of local area networks to the planetary scale of the Internet? In this interconnected world, customer expectations have never been higher. You expect to be able to access the information you need quickly and easily, from any place at any time using virtually any computing device. You expect vendors to deliver more power at a lower cost and to make it easier to buy operate integrate and service their products. You expect the information infrastructure to be reliable and available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year - whether you're talking about the network itself or the systems that support your on-line bank on-line bookstore or on-line grocery. In this environment, Compaq determined that we needed to do more for our customers. We wanted to take the attributes that had made us successful - industry standard platforms, strong partnerships, useful innovation and customer responsiveness - and apply them to the full range of computing - from the palmtop to the data center. Compaq has developed significant enterprise strengths over the past few years. But we also needed capabilities that we could not build easily or quickly. So earlier this year, Compaq announced its intention to acquire Digital Equipment Corporation - one of the premier suppliers of enterprise solutions and services and one of the pioneers of internetworked computing. As most of you probably know, Compaq completed the acquisition last week after Digital shareholders voted overwhelmingly to approve the merger agreement. This is an historic moment for Compaq as well as for our customers and the industry. It brings together two companies with proud traditions of technology innovation and industry leadership. With its minicomputers, DIGITAL defined the computing paradigm of the 1970s and much of the 1980s. With its industry standard personal computers - including the first PC server - Compaq defined the computing paradigm of the 1980s and 1990s. We now see an opportunity to set the standard for a new world of computing One that expands on our vision of standards-based computing . . . One that builds on the combined strengths of Compaq, Digital, Tandem and our strategic partnersAnd one that promises you more choice, more power and more freedom than ever before. Our goal is really very simple: to empower customers by taking computing to new levels of flexibility simplicity and efficiency. We will do this by offering a broad portfolio of Web-enabled clients and servers global life cycle services and best-of-breed partnerships with ISVs, channel partners and technology suppliers. We will also strengthen our customer partnerships through: Focused, global account management, Industry-leading service and support, and, A commitment to sell the way you want to buy, whether it is through our extensive network of resellers by phone or over the Internet. What will differentiate Compaq from our competitors is our ability to innovate with industry standard solutions to help you achieve real value from your IT investments faster and more reliably and to respond more quickly and effectively to customer needs. And when I talk about customers, I mean all of our customers from a family investing for the first time in a personal computer to a small or medium business that wants to sell its products on the Internet to a large global company that is implementing Windows NT across the enterprise. The foundation for the new world of computing we envision is one that Compaq has been building and reinforcing since we introduced the first industry compatible portable computer 16 years ago - that is, standards-based computing. I've been thinking a lot about that first Compaq product during the last few weeks. I don't know how many of you remember it. It's nickname was the "luggable," and for a very good reason. It weighed 28 pounds - 7 to 8 times heavier than today's lightest notebook computers. It was also about as rugged as they come. For people whose machines would not boot-up, the tech support people had a unique solution: hold the computer about three to six inches above the floor and drop it. Try that with your Think-pad. Well, both Compaq and the industry have come a long way since then. In 1997, standards based platforms represented 70 percent of hardware spending worldwide. By the year 2001, that number is expected to exceed 75 percent. Industry standards are behind two of the most important trends in computing - the emergence of Windows NT as a strategic, enterprise operating system and the expansion of the Internet into every corner of the world. The continued enhancement of Windows NT - particularly with the upcoming release of NT 5.0 - is helping push standards-based computing higher and higher into the enterprise. The standards that define the Internet make it possible for hundreds of millions of people to communicate, collaborate and conduct commerce on a global scale - regardless of which platforms they use. Until now, the criticism of standards-based computing was that it could not deliver the performance, scalability and reliability of systems based on proprietary architectures. Through our E2000 architecture, we are addressing that issue. During the next two years, Compaq will deliver high-performance, Windows NT-based systems that will support the most demanding enterprise needs. But it is clear that the vast majority of enterprise customers will continue to have mixed environments. They will use PCs and mainframes Windows NT and UNIX and they will look to their IT partners to help them integrate these diverse computing environments. With the acquisition of Digital and the continuing evolution of Compaq's enterprise strategy, we are expanding our vision of global, industry standards leadership to encompass every level of computing. To us, industry standards leadership means not only providing industry standard products but also making those products work seamlessly with the rest of your IT environment. It means providing industry standard solutions that protect customers' IT investments while enabling them to take greater advantage of standards-based platforms throughout the enterprise. And it means having the vision and the skill to take emerging and leading edge technologies and make them standard as quickly as possible - expanding the power and the reach of industry standard platforms. As a result, you will enjoy: Wider choice and flexibility, Faster return on your IT investments, Greater agility in adapting to a dynamic world, Increased security and confidence, and, Uncompromising quality and value. One of the most important ways that we are delivering these benefits is by working closely with partners to deliver comprehensive enterprise solutions. With the acquisition of Digital, we have enhanced our ability to provide customized solutions for key markets like finance, manufacturing and communications. But many of our customers - big and small - are looking for packaged, high-volume solutions that they can implement quickly and efficiently. This is an area where Compaq has an opportunity to change the competitive landscape. Let me explain. Two strategic inflections have emerged over the last decade. The first was standards based platforms. The second was the replacement of custom applications with packaged applications from companies like SAP, Oracle, Microsoft and others. IDC projects that 72 percent of all new enterprise applications purchased this year will be shrink-wrapped. Today, we are approaching a new inflection point based upon tools, information and methods that will simplify implementation of industry standard applications. In fact, I foresee a day when enterprise applications will work almost as plug-and-play modules. An information manager will take the software module plug it in to his information infrastructure and see an immediate return on the company's investment. It may be hard to conceive of today but it's going to happen. Compaq is turning its knowledge and expertise into repeatable, volume-based solutions that we will make available to customers through Compaq's large reseller network and dedicated websites. Next month, for example, we will introduce an enterprise extranet that will standardize the knowledge and best practices we have collected around planning, designing, implementing and managing enterprise solutions. This knowledge will be available to channel partners and, ultimately, customers in the form of tools and enablers that will help them plan more effectively deploy more rapidly and operate more efficiently. Today, we are also announcing a new service for small and medium businesses called Compaq Online Services. This global initiative is designed to meet the needs of small and medium businesses for quicker access to online sales opportunities and more efficient ways of doing business. In partnership with industry leaders like UPS, GTE and Microsoft as well as key Internet ISV's like INEX, Visto and E-Stamp Compaq Online Services will provide instant electronic commerce solutionselectronic postage secure, real-time delivery of electronic files and 24-hour access to back-up and restore services. These services will be available soon through our SMB Solution Providers as well as through another innovative, Internet-based program we call Club Web. Club Web is a community of providers that offer Internet solutions in a coordinated manner for the benefit of our customers. 06/75880。

Barack Obama, a first-term senator from Illinois, would be the first African-American president of the ed States if elected. Serving in the Senate since 2004, Obama introduced bipartisan legislation what allows Americans to learn online how their tax dollars are spent. He also serves on the Veterans' Affairs Committee, which helps oversee the care of soldiers returning from Iraq and Afghanistan.Previously, Obama worked as a community organizer and civil rights attorney in Chicago, and served for eight years in the Illinois State Senate.Obama was born August 4,1961, in Hawaii and has lived in many places, including Indonesia. His mother was from Kansas and his father from Kenya. Obama attended Columbia University in New York and earned a law degree at Harvard University in Massachusetts. He and his wife, Michelle Obama, who also worked as a lawyer and later for the University of Chicago, have two young daughters.巴拉克·奥巴马,1961年8月4日生于夏威夷,父亲Barack Obama, Sr.是来自肯尼亚的黑人,母亲Ann Dunham是堪萨斯州的白人。1983年毕业于哥伦比亚大学,1985年到芝加哥参加社会工作。1991年毕业于哈佛法学院,是第一个担任《哈佛法学》主编的非洲裔美国人。1995年出版回忆录《我父亲的梦想》(Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance)。2004年,奥巴马在民主党全国代表大会上发表题为"无畏的希望"(The Audacity of Hope)的政策演讲而引人注目。巴拉克·奥巴马1996年当选伊利诺伊州参议员,并连任三届。2005年当选美国参议员。 美国经典英文演讲100篇总统演讲布莱尔首相演讲美国总统布什演讲快报 200809/47134。

Good afternoon ,ladies and gentlemen :下午好,女士们,先生们.Its my honor to present my speech here today.The title of my speech is ,;The Essence of Life.;今天能在这里发表我的演说是我的荣幸.我演讲的题目是生命的真谛.Last summer I began to learn play tennis.Though it took me a lot of time to practice,the tremendous pleasure I got from on the tennis court made me feel well rewarded .去年夏天,我开始学打网球.练习花了我大量的时间,但是我发现在网球场上的无尽欢愉让我感觉收获非浅.Eevery time when I brandished the racket to hit the ball and watch it flying over the net ,每次挥舞球拍击球时,看着它飞越球网,I always think of the words inscribed on the rock of Mount Olympia:;If you want to lead a happy and upward life ,just run.;我总会想到刻在奥林匹克山石上的话;;如果你想过一种幸福向上的生活,跑吧.;Ture,sports can lift our begins by giving us a healthy body ,without which it is impossible for us to enjoy our life.诚然,体育运动给我们一个健康的身体,提高我们的素质,没有它我们不可能享受生活.Sports can also ennoble our minds by bringing us close to nature and close to the essence of life.体育运动让我们具有崇高的理想,让我们接近自然,接近生命的真谛.My gandmother is almost 80 years old now, but she still keeps playing Taijiquan every morning.我奶奶现在已经快八十岁了,但她仍然坚持每天早上练太极拳.她总是告诉我:;Its happy beginning of a brand new day!;she alwasys told me .My friend and I take part in sports like tennis,badminton and swimming.;这是新的一天快乐的开始!;我和我的朋友参加体育运动如打网球,羽毛球和游泳.My boy classmates ,by contrast,enjoy ball games .Hundreds of boys playing basketball on the playground every afternoon always makes the best campus picture that draws thousands of girls eyes.而我的男同学就喜欢球类运动,每天下午上千个男孩子在操场上打篮球成了校园里一道最美的风景,吸引了上万双女孩子的眼睛.Sport can not only improve our physique and relax our mind ,but can also bring us close to nature, and enable us to enjoy our lives fully.体育运动不仅提高我们的体质,轻松大脑,而且可以让我们更接近生命的真谛,让我们能够充分享受生活.Indeed ,the essence of sports lies not so much in the fun that they can give us ,but in their capactities to work miracles for our body and soul.确实,体育运动的精髓不只是在于乐趣,而是它在我们的身体和灵魂里产生的奇迹.Or,as the goal of the Olympic Games indicates ,it can make us run faster ,jump higher ,and physically stronger .正如奥运会的目标所指,它能够让我们跑得更快,跳得更高,身体更强壮.A nation of weakings can never be expected to go anywhere culturally and economically .一个体质孱弱的民族无论到哪里,文化和经济都不能立足.Perhaps it is in recognition of this China is bidding for hosting the Olympic Games in 2008.可能认识到这些,所以中国申办二零零八年奥运会.As a country of a written history of over 5,000 years, China hopes to run faster in the global race of economic advancement,to stand taller in the international political arena ,and to bring new vitalities to our ancient civilization .作为一个具有五千年悠久历史的国家,中国希望在全球经济发展的步伐中跑得更快,在国际政治舞台上站得更高,为我们的古代文明注入新的活力.Also it hopes to show the upward outlook and physical fitness of its people.而且她希望向世界展示自己民族积极向上的精神面貌和强壮的体魄.I still remember one MTV I saw about the World Cup in 1998.In this MTV,kids with different natinalities are running through different places like seashore,我仍然记得一九九八年有关世界杯的一个MTV,在这个MTV里,具有不同国籍的小孩子在不同的地方如海滩,desert ,downtown ,and crowded slum areas.They share one thing in common :沙漠,市区,拥挤的贫民区奔跑.他们在分享同一件事情:They are all playing football .I was greatly touched .What is the most amazing feature of sports?他们都在踢足球.我被深深打动了,体育运动最令人惊异的特征是什么?It is a common language spoken by all nations under heaven.It is an art without cultural boundary that can be appreciated by everyone on earth.它是天底下所有民族的共同语言,它是毫无文化界限的艺术,是能为世上每一个人所欣赏的.In sports ,it no longer matters what your skin color is like,which language you speak ,or where you come from .在体育运动中,不再计较你是什么肤色,说哪种语言,或者是来自何方.It is the joy that we share from sports that counts.I am confidentthat ,as the captial of over ten dynasties.重要的是在运动中分享的喜悦.我相信作为十个朝代的都城,if Beijing succeeds in this bid ,it can make the Olympic Game one of the happiest festivals of the world ,北京如果申办成功,那将使奥运会成为世界最快乐的节目之一,a festival where we can best realize our dream of ;faster,higher and stronger ,;and a festival where the essence of life and the essence of sports can be best embodied .一个最能实现我们;更快,更高和更强;的梦想的节日,一个最能体现生命的真谛和运动的真谛的节日.So my friends,lets all pray and hope that Beijing will eventually become the host of Olympic Games in 2008 .所以朋友们,让我们祈祷和希望北京能最终取得二零零八年奥运会的主办权.Lets all looking forward to the day when we can get here together again to celebrate the grandest festival of joy that humanity has ever witnessed!让我们期待那天在这里再相聚,庆祝人类见的最盛大的欢乐节日.Thanks for listening.谢谢收听.Judge:Thank you very much indeed contestant number twenty-five and well done on your composure at the end of what must have been quite a nerve wracking day I should think waiting for your turn.评委:真的非常感谢二十五号选手.好样的,在那样激动人心的一天,我想你等了这么久才轮到你,最后你还如此沉着,You,you talked ,uh ,very helpfully about the pleasure and benefit of sport for the health of ,um, everyone .关于体育运动的愉悦和对每个人的身体健康有好处,你说得很正确.And you talked about the Olympic idea of ,uh ,if I ve got right ,faster ,higher ,and stronger.如果我没弄错的话,你说奥林匹克的精神是更快,更高和更强.But one thing that troubles me about the Olympics is that the pressure to be faster,higher,stronger is so great sometimes that it passes beyond the point where its healthy .但是我感到困扰的是在奥林匹克的重压下,更快,更高,更强有时太过分而超过了健康的观点.I wonder what you think about that.我想知道你是怎么想的.LiuLi:Um, thank you for this question and I m happy that we share the same concern .刘莉:谢谢您的问题,我很高兴我们有共同的看法.Mmm,one thing about the competition sports that I dislike is that they put much more pressure on the athletes and sometimes they even ,竞赛中我不喜欢的一点就是他们的运动员太多压力了,有时甚至uh , hurt their bodies.So, um ,I think apart from some of the athletes that they really done a very good job in the Olympic games.损害他们的身体.所以我想除了运动员在奥运会上真的表现得很出色,I think it is a public sports that we should promote to a kind of national ,nation-wide popularization .我们应该把它提倡为所有民族的运动,全民化运动.Um,because as we all know that although some days only stars are really eye attracting ,因为众所周知,虽然那些日子明星才真正吸引人,it is the whole galaxy that there is noticing .So ,uh,what I want to address here is that it ,但是整个都会吸引人.所以今天在这里我想表明的是,uh , the most important function of sports today is that we can make our self healthy ,体育运动最重要的是我们能够使自己的身体健康,but not to be the top ones.而不是成为第一名.Thank you .谢谢.09/85596。

The initial run of Open for Questions came to a close with the President’s online town hall this morning. With almost a hundred thousand participants and more than three and a half million votes, it was an eye-opening experience and showed the potential of what this kind of open engagement can accomplish. The online town hall had an amazing feel of something that had never been done before, and something we should be trying to do more of. If you missed it, watch the of the entire event: Alternatively, the full transcript. Here's his answer to the top question in the Veterans category: DR. BERNSTEIN: Thank you for clearing that up. (Laughter.) This next question comes from Columbia, South Carolina: "The unemployment rate for Iraq and Afghanistan veterans is higher than the national unemployment rate. Our veterans are a national treasure. How can you, the VA, and I ensure our veterans are successfully transitioning into civilian life?"THE PRESIDENT: That's a great question. You know, I had just an extraordinary honor -- yesterday was Medal of Honor Day. And I went to Arlington National Cemetery, and we had a ceremony in front of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier with a collection of Medal of Honor winners from all our various wars. And a special place of honor was a guy named John Finn, who had been present the day Pearl Harbor was bombed. He was on one of the ships, was shot by -- was strafed by the fire from the planes coming in, and yet still had the presence of mind to shoot down a plane, and won the Medal of Honor -- or was awarded the Medal of Honor for that.And it just reminds you that we wouldn't be here if it hadn't been for the sacrifices of earlier veterans. We would not -- (applause) -- we would not enjoy the same safety and security and liberty that we do. So when our veterans come home from Iraq and Afghanistan -- and they have performed brilliantly, they have done everything that's been asked of them, regardless of what your views are on these wars -- they have earned these benefits that all too often we fail to give them. And that's why in my budget we are increasing veterans funding by more than any time in the last 30 years. We're going to make sure that we deal with the -- (applause) -- we're going to make sure that deal with the backlog that too many veterans experience in terms of getting benefits. We're going to make sure that homeless veterans are receiving housing and services. The homeless rate for veterans is multiple times higher than it is for non-veterans. That's inexcusable. It means that we're going to provide services for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, that we're going to provide services for Traumatic Brain Injury that are the signature injuries of these recent wars. So we are going to significantly increase veterans spending. Now, just as is true generally, government alone can't do it. So all of us individually are going to have roles. If you're a business owner, hiring a veteran, not discriminating against somebody who's a veteran is going to be absolutely critical. In your communities, in your churches, in your neighborhoods, making sure that there's outreach and celebration of veterans when they come home, that's going to be critical. I think we've done a much better job during these wars than we did during Vietnam, where in many cases our treatment of veterans was inexcusable. But we can always do more. Government is going to do its role, and then we've got to make sure that our communities do their role, as well.03/65598。

WEEKLY ADDRESS: Losing Insurance Can Happen to AnybodyThe President discusses a staggering new report from the Treasury Department indicating that under the status quo, around half of all Americans under 65 will lose their health coverage at some point over the next ten years. He pledges not to allow this future to unfold: "In the ed States of America, no one should have to worry that they'll go without health care – not for one year, not for one month, not for one day. And once I sign my health reform plan into law – they won't." 听力文本:On Wednesday, I addressed a joint session of Congress and the American people about why we need health insurance reform and what it will take to do it.Since then, I’ve continued to hear from many Americans across the country about why this is so urgent and important.I’ve heard from Americans who can’t get health coverage; men and women who worry that one accident or illness could drive them into bankruptcy.And I’ve heard from Americans with insurance who thought that "the uninsured" always referred to someone else – but between skyrocketing costs and insurance company practices; they’re beginning to worry that they could find themselves uninsured too.It’s an anxiety that’s keeping more and more Americans awake at night. Over the last twelve months, nearly six million more Americans lost their health coverage – that’s 17,000 men and women every single day. We’re not just talking about Americans in poverty, either – we’re talking about middle-class Americans. In other words, it can happen to anyone.And based on a brand-new report from the Treasury Department, we can expect that about half of all Americans under 65 will lose their health coverage at some point over the next ten years. If you’re under the age of 21 today, chances are more than half that you’ll find yourself uninsured at some point in that time. And more than one-third of Americans will go without coverage for longer than one year.I refuse to allow that future to happen. In the ed States of America, no one should have to worry that they’ll go without health insurance – not for one year, not for one month, not for one day. And once I sign my health reform plan into law – they won’t.My plan will provide more security and stability to those who have health insurance; offer quality, affordable choices to those who currently don’t; and bring health care costs for our families, our businesses, and our government under control.First of all, if you are among the hundreds of millions of Americans who aly have insurance through your job, or Medicare, or Medicaid, or the VA, nothing in my plan will require you or your employer to change the coverage or the doctor you have.What my plan will do is make the insurance you have work better for you. We’ll make it illegal for insurance companies to deny you coverage because of a pre-existing condition, drop your coverage when you get sick, or water it down when you need it most. They’ll no longer be able to place some arbitrary cap on the amount of coverage you can receive in a given year or over a lifetime, and we will place a limit on how much you can be charged for out-of-pocket expenses – because no one should go broke just because they get sick.Second, if you’re one of the more than thirty million American citizens who can’t get coverage, you’ll finally have quality, affordable choices. If you lose your job, change your job, or start your own business, you will be able to get coverage.And as I have said over and over again, I will not sign a plan that adds one dime to our deficits – period. This plan will be paid for. The middle-class will realize greater security, not higher taxes. And if we can successfully slow the growth of health care costs by just one-tenth of one percent each year, it will actually reduce the deficit by trillion over the long term.Affordable, quality care within reach for the tens of millions of Americans who don’t have it today. Stability and security for the hundreds of millions who do. That’s the reform we seek.We have had a long and important debate. But now is the time for action. Because every day we wait, more Americans will lose their health care, their businesses, and their homes – but also the dreams they’ve worked for and the peace of mind they deserve. They are why we have to succeed.So if you’re willing to put country before party and the interests of our children above our own; if you refuse to settle for a politics where scoring points is more important than solving problems; and if you believe, as I do, that America can still come together to do great things – then join us. Give us your help. And we will finally get health insurance reform done this year.09/84000。

THE PRESIDENT: Laura and I have come to the Chinese Embassy -- Mr. Ambassador, thank you very much. Madam, thank you very much. We've come to express our country's condolences for those who mourn for the loved ones.   We stand y to help in any way that the Chinese government would like. We know there's great courage being displayed, Mr. Ambassador, as rescue workers search for those who may still be living.   This natural disaster is very hard on many of your people and we understand that. And we extend our deepest sympathies, and pray for recovery and pray for the strength of those who are -- whose lives have been torn apart during this terrible tragedy. Thank you. 200806/41742。

Remarks by US President Barack Obama at Town Hall Meeting with Future Chinese LeadersMuseum of Science and Technology, Shanghai, ChinaNovember 16, 美国总统奥巴马在上海与中国青年对话实录中国上海 科技馆年11月16日[杨玉良]让我们大家用热烈的掌声欢迎美国总统奥巴马先生。各位来宾、各位朋友,同学们,请让我自我介绍一下,我是杨玉良,复旦大学的校长。今天请来美利坚合众国总统奥巴马先生,他对中国进行国事访问,今天来到这里与中国青年对话,而且我非常高兴作为主持人在这里主持这场对话。因为奥巴马总统非常重视中美两国人民之间的沟通和交流,尤其是重视我们年轻人之间的沟通和交流。所以今天我们将用一种非常轻松、自由的方式,而且我相信也将会是愉快的方式,奥巴马总统将和大家一起讨论中美关系问题,包括这个世界未来的问题,包括我们人类所面临的所有的可能的全球性的挑战性问题。今天在现场的所有的同事们,包括同学们,都可以现场提问题。但同时我们也会选择问题,从网络上选择一些问题,选择由网民向奥巴马提问的问题。用英文来提问题,也可以用英文回答。如果你觉得你的英文还不足够表达你深邃的思想的话,你可以用中文来提问和中文来回答问题。我想在正式开始之前,我们美利坚合众国的驻华大使洪培先生有几句话要讲。[洪培]杨校长,谢谢你。可是我们在上海我应该说家乡话,侬好。这么多人,今天就是太好了,美中关系30年,这个时刻从双边地区和全球的角度来说,最适合进行一场好的交谈,这种活动在中国没有先例。我们两国元首具体说过,他们要推动一个积极建设性全面的关系。如果没有美中两国的合作,几乎没有哪个全球性挑战能得到解决。我们面临的挑战是把我们的交往提到一个更高的水平,有谁比我们更高层领导人更适合参加我们的讨论呢?那我很荣幸向你们介绍第44任美国总统贝拉克#8226;奥巴马。PRESIDENT OBAMA: Nong hao! Good afternoon. It is a great honor for me to be here in Shanghai, and to have this opportunity to speak with all of you. I'd like to thank Fudan University's President Yang for his hospitality and his gracious welcome. I'd also like to thank our outstanding Ambassador, Jon Huntsman, who exemplifies the deep ties and respect between our nations. I don't know what he said, but I hope it was good. (Laughter.) [奥巴马] 侬好!诸位下午好。我感到很荣幸能够有机会到上海跟你们交谈,我要感谢复旦大学的杨校长,感谢他的款待和热情的欢迎。我还想感谢我们出色的大使洪培,他是我们两国间深厚的纽带。我不知道他刚才说什么,但是希望他说得很好。11/89609。

President Bush Attends Council of the Americas  THE PRESIDENT: Thank you all. Please be seated. Bill, thank you for the kind introduction. Thanks for giving me a chance to come by and see that the Secretary of State's dining room is a lot better than the President's dining room. (Laughter.) I'm honored to be here. I'm pleased to be with the Council of Americas again. I appreciate what you do to promote personal and economic freedom throughout the region, throughout the Americas. I appreciate your strong concern about the need for liberty to be sp -- liberty in forms of government and liberty in forms of economies.   I am honored to be here with the Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice, better known in the neighborhood as Sentilde;orita Arroz. (Laughter.) I'm pleased to be with Carlos Gutierrez, the Secretary of Commerce; Susan Schwab, the U.S. Trade Representative. Thrilled to be here with Susan Segal, the President and CEO of the Council of Americas; a dear family friend, former member of the Cabinet in 41, Robert Mosbacher; Mack McLarty, as well -- people who care a lot about the region. Thank you for joining us here. I'm also pleased to be here with ministers, representatives, ambassadors from the governments of Canada, Colombia, Mexico and Peru -- honored you all are here.   The foundation of good foreign policy is good relations with your neighbors. A peaceful and secure neighborhood is in the interest of the ed States of America. And so I want to talk to you about the hemisphere we share, the challenges we face, and the aggressive work that the ed States is doing to help make the Americas a place of hope and liberty.   In recent decades, there have been positive developments in Latin America. Countries have moved away from an era of dictatorships, era of civil strife. Unfortunately, today some countries in the region are seeing a resurgence of radicalism and instability. And one nation in the region remains mired in the tyranny of a bygone era -- and that is Cuba.   Yesterday I had a fascinating opportunity to speak with a leading Cuban dissident, a former political prisoner, and a wife of a man who is held in a Cuban prison simply because he expressed his belief that all people should live in a free society. Video-conferencing is one of the great wonders of the 21st century, and to be able to sit in the White House and talk to these three brave souls in Havana was a inspiring moment for me. It reminded me about how much work the ed States has to do to help the people in Cuba realize the blessings of liberty. It also reminded me of a couple of things: One, that there's an eternal truth when it comes to freedom, that there is an Almighty, and a gift of that Almighty to every man, woman and child, whether they be American, Cubano, or anywhere else, is freedom; and that it's going to take the courage and determination of individuals such as the three I met with to help inspire the island to embrace freedom.   The Cuban government recently announced a change at the top. Some in the world marveled that perhaps change is on its way. That's not how I view it. Until there's a change of heart and a change of compassion, and a change of how the Cuban government treats its people, there's no change at all. The regime has made empty gestures at reform, but Cuba is still ruled by the same group that has oppressed the Cuban people for almost half a century. Cuba will not be a land of liberty so long as free expression is punished and free speech can take place only in hushed whispers and silent prayers. And Cuba will not become a place of prosperity just by easing restrictions on the sale of products that the average Cuban cannot afford.   If Cuba wants to join the community of civilized nations, then Cuba's rulers must begin a process of peaceful democratic change. And the first step must be to release all political prisoners. They must respect the human rights in word and in deed. And they must allow what the Cuban people have desired for generations -- to pick their own leaders in free and fair elections. This is the policy of the ed States, and it must not change until the people of Cuba are free. (Applause.)   We face other challenges in the hemisphere, as well. I'm deeply concerned about the challenge of illicit drug trade. First, I fully understand that when there is demand, there will be supply. And the ed States of America is implementing a strategy to reduce -- a comprehensive strategy to convince our people to stop using illegal drugs. I talk to my counterparts all the time in the region and I talk about how we can work together -- and I'll explain some strategies here in a minute -- but I also remind them that so long as the ed States uses illegal drugs, the drug dealers will find a way to get their products here.   We made some progress on reducing demand. Since 2001, the rate of drug use among the young has dropped by 24 percent. Young people's use of marijuana is down by 25 percent. The use of ecstasy has dropped by more than 50 percent. Methamphetamine use is down by 64 percent. Overall it's estimated that 860,000 fewer young people in America are using drugs today than when we began. But obviously we still have a lot of work to do. And so my commitment to our friends in the neighborhood is, the ed States will continue to implement its comprehensive strategy to do our part to reduce demand for illegal drugs.   Secondly, we're working to intercept illegal drugs before they reach our citizens. Every day the men and women of the DEA, the Coast Guard, the Border Patrol and other law enforcement organizations are working tirelessly to intercept drugs, to stop money laundering, and to bust the gangs that are sping this poison throughout our society. We've had some success. We've seized record amounts of cocaine coming into the ed States. Last year these efforts resulted in a significant disruption of the availability of cocaine in 38 major cities. We still have more work to do.   And a final leg of our strategy is this: We will work with our partners, Mexico and the countries of Central America, to take on the international drug trade. I am deeply concerned about how lethal and how brutal these drug lords are. I have watched with admiration how President Calderón has taken a firm hand in making sure his society is free of these drug lords. And the tougher Mexico gets, the more likely it is that these drug families and these kingpins will try to find safe haven in Central America.   And that is why I committed my administration to the Merida Initiative. It's a partnership, a cooperative partnership with Mexico and Central America that will help them deal with the scourge of these unbelievably wealthy and unbelievably violent drug kingpins. And I want to work with Congress to make sure that, one, they fully pass our request in the upcoming supplemental debate, and also remind members of Congress that the strategy that we have put forth is a strategy designed with the leadership of the Central American countries, as well as with Mexico. It's a strategy designed to be effective. And so when Congress passes our supplemental request, they also got to make sure that they implement the strategy we proposed in full.   Another challenge is promoting social justice in the region. Nearly one out of four people in Latin America lives on a day. Children never finish grade school. Mothers have trouble finding a doctor. In the age of growing prosperity and abundance, this is a problem that the ed States must take seriously. As the most prosperous country in the world, the ed States is reaching out to help our partners improve the lives of their citizens.   Social justice requires access to decent health care. And so we're helping meet health care needs in some of the most remote parts of Latin America, primarily by using the ed States military's medical personnel to treat local citizens.   I'll never forget going to Guatemala and seeing the clinics run by our troops. America is a compassionate country. We're plenty strong when we need to be. But our military has provided unbelievably good care for a lot of people who have never seen health care before. The missions last year provided treatment for 340,000 individuals in 15 countries. And this year, a new series of humanitarian assistant missions will treat an additional 320,000. And it's so important when people think of America and think of the neighborhood that they understand social justice is at the forefront of our agenda.   Social justice requires access to decent education, as well. And since 2004, the taxpayers of the ed States have provided more than 0 million for education programs throughout the region, with a special emphasis, a special focus on rural and marginalized populations.   Last year as well, the Secretary and I announced a new partnership for Latin America youth, to help train thousands of young people in the Americas with their English, and to provide opportunity to study here in the ed States. And the reason why is simple: We want people in our neighborhood to have the skills necessary to take advantage of the opportunities of the 21st century. It's in the interest of the ed States that we promote good health policies and good education policies.   Social justice also requires institutions that are fair, effective and free of corruption. It's hard to have a hopeful society when leadership steals the taxpayers' money. It's hard to have a hopeful place when the people aren't comfortable with the nature of government. And so we'll continue our bilateral aid, and I'm proud of the amounts of money we're spending in the region. But we've also changed the way that we're providing aid by insisting upon rules of governance, rule of law, the education -- the investment in education and health of its people, and governments to embrace marketplace economies.   And we do this what's called -- through what's called the Millennium Challenge Account. It is a new way to say that, yes, we're going to provide taxpayers' money, but we expect something in return from the governments that we help. I don't think it's too much to ask a government that receives U.S. aid to fight corruption. Matter of fact, I think it's a request that's long overdue. I don't think it's too much to ask a government that we help to invest in the health and education of their children. Nor do I think it's too much to ask for a government to accept marketplace economics.   The Millennium Challenge Account has invested 0 million in our region thus far to assist the countries of El Salvador, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Paraguay and Peru. Let me talk about just some of the initiatives to give you a sense for the types of programs we're talking about.   In Honduras, the ed States is providing assistance to nearly 1,300 farmers so they can develop their farmland and provide for their families. In Nicaragua, we've helped small farmers and entrepreneurs increase their productivity in rural communities. In Paraguay, we're working to -- with local leaders to reduce the cost of starting new businesses.   See, the whole purpose is to encourage enterprise, infrastructure that will help people get goods to markets; to provide the capacity -- increase the capacity of these countries to be able to provide hope for their people. This is a really good program, and the Congress needs to fully fund it as they debate the appropriations bills this year.   The Millennium Challenge Account is one way to promote prosperity, but perhaps the most -- not "perhaps" -- the most effective way is through trade. Trade brings increased economic opportunities to both the people of Latin America and the people of the ed States.   Congress recognized this opportunities, and Congress took a look at whether or not we ought to have free trade agreements in our neighborhood, and they started doing so with Peru. And the bill, thankfully -- the trade bill with Peru passed by a large bipartisan majority. It's a good agreement. It's good for Peru. It also happens to be good for the ed States. And now my call on Congress is to take that same spirit by which they passed the Peruvian free trade agreement and do the same thing for Colombia and Panama.   About 17 months ago, the ed States signed a free trade agreement with Colombia. Ever since, my administration has worked closely with Congress to seek a bipartisan path for considering this agreement. I understand trade votes are hard. And that's why we continually reached out with -- to Congress. We've had more than 400 consultations, meetings and calls. We've led trips to Colombia for more than 50 members of Congress. We worked closely with congressional leaders from both parties. We responded to concerns over labor and environmental standards by including some of the most rigorous protections of any trade agreement in the history of the ed States. We have bent over backwards to work with members from both parties on the Hill.   And despite this, Congress has refused to act. One month ago I sent the bill -- I sent the bill to implement the agreement to the Congress. Yet the Speaker chose to block it instead of giving it an up or down vote that the Congress had committed to. Her action is unprecedented. It is extremely unfortunate. I hope the Speaker is going to change her mind. I hope you help her to change her mind. If she doesn't, the agreement is dead, and this will be bad for our workers, our businesses, and it will be bad for America's national security.   Approving the agreement would strengthen our economy. Today almost all of Colombia's exports enter the ed States duty-free. Yet American products exported to Colombia face tariffs of up to 35 percent for non-agricultural goods, and much higher for many agricultural products. Think about that. They export into the ed States duty-free, and we don't have the same advantage. I would call that a one-sided economic agreement.   Failure to pass the free trade agreement, therefore, is making it much harder to sell our products into Colombia. To try to put this in perspective for you, this weekend we reached an unfortunate milestone when the tariffs imposed on U.S exports to Colombia reached an estimated billion since the free trade agreement was signed. There's a -- that's one billion good reasons why the ed States Congress ought to pass this bill. Passing the agreement we could create the -- (applause).   Members of Congress need to think about this. Once implemented, the Colombia free trade agreement would immediately eliminate tariffs on more than 80 percent of American exports of industrial and consumer goods. Many American exports of agriculture and construction equipment, aircraft and auto parts, and medical and scientific equipment would immediately enter Colombia duty-free. So would farm exports like high-quality beef, and cotton, and wheat, and soybeans, and fruit. And eventually, the agreement would eliminate all tariffs on U.S. goods and services.   Opening markets is especially important during this time of economic uncertainty. Last year, exports accounted for more than 40 percent of America's total economic growth. Forty percent of the growth was as a result of goods and services being sold from the ed States into foreign markets. With our economy slowing, it seems like to me that we should be doing everything possible to open up new markets for U.S. goods and services. More than 9,000 American companies, including 8,000 small and mid-sized firms, export to Colombia. And approving this agreement, opening up markets for their goods and services, would help them increase sales, would help them grow their businesses, and would help them pay good-paying jobs.   If you're interested in work in America, if you're interested in economic vitality, you ought to be doing everything you can to make it easier for U.S. companies to be selling overseas.   And finally, approving this agreement is a urgent national security priority. Colombia is one of our strongest allies in the Western Hemisphere. I admire President Uribe a lot. He is courageous. He shares our values. He is a strong, capable partner in fighting drugs and crime and terror. The Colombia government reports, since 2002 kidnappings in Colombia have dropped 83 percent, terrorist attacks are down 76 percent, murders have dropped by 40 percent. He's got a strong record of doing what he said he was going to do.   And despite the progress, Colombia remains under intense pressure in the region. It faces a continuing assault from the terrorist group known as FARC, which seizes hostages and murder innocent civilians. Colombia faces a hostile and anti-American neighbor in Venezuela, where the regime has forged an alliance with Cuba, collaborated with FARC terrorists, and provided sanctuary to FARC units.   President Uribe has stood strong. He has done so with the assurance of American support. Congress's failure to pass the Colombia free trade agreement has called this support into question. President Uribe told members of Congress that approving this agreement is one of the most important ways that America can show our unwavering commitment to Colombia. Congressional leaders need to send a message that we support this brave and courageous leader, and that we will not turn our back on one of our most steadfast allies. (Applause.)   Yesterday I met with the President of Panama. I assured him our efforts to get the Panamanian trade bill passed will be just as vociferous and vigorous as our efforts to get the Colombia trade bill passed. Congress must understand they have a chance to sp prosperity in our neighborhood; they have a chance to support friends in our neighborhood. And there's no better way to express that friendship than to support the Colombia free trade agreement, the Panamanian free trade agreement, and while they're at it, to send a clear message around the world that the South Korean free trade agreement is good for the U.S. economy as well.   The ties between the people of the ed States and the people of Latin America are important to our country. They're important to our prosperity, and they're important to the national security interest of the country. We share a deep bond, a bond between friends and a bond between neighbors. And because of this bond, the ed States will, and must, remain committed to making sure that Latin America is a place of opportunity, a place of hope, a place of social justice, a place where basic necessities, like health care and education, are not too much for any child to dream about. Or a place where poverty gives way to prosperity, and a place, above all, where freedom is the birthright of every citizen.   I want to thank you for taking on the cause. I thank you for your vision; I thank you for your steadfast support of doing what's right in our neighborhood. And it's been my honor to come and share some thoughts with you. God bless. (Applause.) 200806/41534。