2018年04月21日 00:22:54|来源:国际在线|编辑:华北盒子
Fifteen years after pulling out because of Sierra Leone’s civil war, Peace Corps volunteers are back in the West African nation. A look at the organization's work as the Peace Corps marks its 50th anniversary this year, March 1st.3月1号是和平队成立50周年纪念日。15年前,由于塞拉利昂发生内战,美国和平队的志愿者们被迫撤出这个西非国家。现在,和平队又重返塞拉利昂。Amanda Pease is one of the first Peace Corps volunteers to work in Sierra Leone in over a decade. She has been teaching science now for six months at St. Joseph’s, a high school in the east of the country.阿曼达·皮斯是10年来在塞拉利昂工作的第一批和平队志愿者之一。过去6个月里,她一直在塞拉利昂东部圣约瑟夫高中教科学课程。For Pease, living in the roadside village of Blama, a day’s drive from the capital, Freetown, is a far cry from her coastal hometown of San Diego, California. It is also her first time to Africa. 皮斯生活在布兰玛这个偏僻的小镇,距离塞拉利昂首都弗里敦有一天的车程。这里的生活和皮斯的家乡加州圣迭哥的生活完全是两回事。Pease decided to sign up for a two-year stint as a Peace Corps volunteer after finishing a degree in Chemical Engineering at the University of California Los Angeles.这是皮斯第一次到非洲去。皮斯在加州洛杉矶分校毕业拿到化学工程师的学位后,跟和平队签了一个两年的合约。"I was trying to decide between going the academic route and doing a postdoctoral degree and go into industry and then I had been doing some volunteer work and the idea was always kind of floating around," Pease said. "There was kind of an option number three on the side, and as time went on and I thought about it more and more, I was so much more excited about that option. Just the idea of trying to give an opportunity to someone who would not maybe have it."皮斯说:“我对到底是走学术路线,去做士后,还是进入业界找一份工作,一直举棋不定。因为我一直在做一些志愿工作,所以参加和平队这个想法就一直缠绕在我心头。这是我的第三个选择。随着时间流逝,我的这个愿望越来越强烈。每次一想到我可以给别人他们从来没有过的机会,我就激动不已。”There are 37 Peace Corps members serving in rural schools across the country. Joel Wallach, co-director for Peace Corps here, says they have a long history in Sierra Leone. 一共有37名和平队成员在塞拉利昂各地农村学校教书。据塞拉利昂和平队副主任乔·沃勒克介绍,和平队在塞拉利昂的历史很长。"Sierra Leone has traditionally been a very welcoming country to the Peace Corps," said Wallach. "And there have been about 3400 volunteers in a 32-year history, up until 1994. We had been thinking about coming back for a few years, but a combination of the budget allowing us to and the security situation stabilizing made the timing right last year for us to come back."沃勒克说:“塞拉利昂一直非常欢迎和平队。在1962到1994年的32年中,我们一共派3400名志愿者到塞拉利工作。过去几年,我们一直考虑重返塞拉利昂,但是由于资金和安全问题,一直到去年局势稳定了,我们重返塞拉利昂的时机才成熟。”201103/128410Pakistani Forces Capture Strategic Town巴军方称巴焦尔行动取得显著进展 Pakistani security forces say they have made significant gains in their ongoing offensive in a tribal region bordering Afghanistan. The two-month military operation in the Bajaur area, they say, has killed more than 1,500 militants while 73 soldiers also have died. 巴基斯坦安全部队表示,他们在巴基斯坦和阿富汗边境的部落地区所开展的进攻已经取得显著进展。他们说,在巴焦尔地区进行了两个月的军事行动已经杀死了超过1千5百名武装分子,但同时造成73名士兵丧生。By taking the key settlement of Loisam in the troubled north-western region, Pakistani military authorities say they have dealt a severe blow to communication lines of militants linked to al-Qaida and Taliban in the Bajaur region. The village was completely destroyed after heavy fighting.  巴基斯坦军方说,在混乱的西北部区域夺回关键的洛伊色姆居民区,沉重打击了在巴焦尔地区与塔利班和基地组织有联系的激进分子的沟通渠道。这个村落在猛烈战斗中完全被摧毁。The operation in the region began in early August after several major attacks on the army.  巴基斯坦军队在受到几次重大袭击后,在8月初展开在巴焦尔地区的行动。The commander of the ongoing operation in Bajaur, Major-General Tariq Khan, told a group of local and foreign reporters on Saturday that troops were now in complete control of the town of Loisam. But he acknowledged the militants had been offering stiff resistance to his soldiers from their network of tunnels and fortified compounds.  巴焦尔地区行动指挥官塔里克汗少将星期六对一群当地和外国的记者说,军队现在完全控制了洛伊色姆镇。但他承认,激进分子仍然从地道网络以及防御工事内进行顽抗。"It was a very unusual kind of battle," said General Khan. "It was not conventional. The resistance would dissolve in places wherever we would attack. It would regroup and reappear in the rear. This was facilitated by the underground tunnels that were made with caches of weapons that had been stored and placed all over." 他说:“这是个很不寻常的战斗。这不是传统的战斗。反抗势力会在我们的进攻地点就地解散。他们会在后方重新组合出现。他们是借助地下通道,地下通道内各处密藏著武器。” Bajaur is one of the tribal areas on the Afghan border where the government has previously had little influence. Taliban and al-Qaida raids into Afghanistan from this mountainous tribal region are regularly launched from here. 巴焦尔是阿富汗边界一个部落地区,政府在那里几乎没有影响力。塔利班和基地组织经常通过这里的部落地区山地向阿富汗发动攻击。General Khan says that elimination of militants from this agency will discourage militancy in other tribal areas. "The worst is over and I think things from here onward will be much easier. In my personal feeling, I think we have turned the corner," he said. 塔里克汗将军说,剿灭这个机构的激进分子会削弱其他部落地区的暴力活动。塔里克汗将军说:“最糟糕的情况已经过去,我认为从此剿匪行动会比较容易开展。我个人的感觉是,我们已经扭转了局面。”The Pakistani government is also encouraging tribesmen to revive traditional militias, known as lashkars, to rout out militants in their areas. But General Khan rejected criticism that the militias could pose a threat to Pakistani authority once the militants are evicted. He also denied media reports the government is providing the Lashkars with weapons.  巴基斯坦政府也鼓励部落人员恢复传统民兵组织“虔诚军”,以清除他们部落地区的激进分子。有些人批评说,一旦激进分子被驱逐,这些民兵可能对巴基斯坦当局构成威胁。塔里克汗将军否定了这一批评。他还否认媒体说政府在向“虔诚军”提供武器的报导。"We are not providing any weapons or any kind of support to the lashkars [tribal militias] and they are made up with their own resources," said General Khan. "It dissolves after if has met its objectives." 塔里克汗说:“我们没有提供任何武器或者向‘虔诚军’提供任何持。他们是用自己的资源组建而成的。他们达到目标之后将解散。”Pakistani authorities say that 300 foreign militants had been arrested during the offensive. Uzbeks, Tajiks and Afghans are among the detainees. 巴基斯坦当局说,大约300名外国激进分子在这次进攻行动中被捕。被逮捕的人中有乌孜别克人、塔吉克人和阿富汗人。200810/54013Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty IndustryLead in lipstick? Harsh chemicals in baby shampoo? How is this possible? Simple, says Stacy Malkan, a self-described former makeup addict. "The billion cosmetics industry is so powerful they've kept themselves unregulated for decades." says the author of a new book, Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry.It is estimated that on any given morning, the average person uses up to 20 cosmetic products before they leave the home. But is it possible that we are exposing ourselves to harmful chemicals that can affect our health? Author and self-proclaimed make-up addict Stacy Malkan is challenging the cosmetics industry by releasing her book, Not Just a Pretty Face, the ugly side of the beauty industry. And she joins us in our studio with more. Welcome! (Hello, thank you.) This is alarming Because everybody, men and women, we use all kind of products. Let's take a look at this list that we put together from your book, some of the problems that we will find. We're talking lead in lipstick, some of the other things you have as phthalates in lotions, neurotoxins in the mascara we use and coal tar in shampoo. First of all, why is this in there and how bad is this?Well, many products, unfortunately, and we are talking about shampoos, deodorants, lotion, make-up, even baby shampoos, contain carcinogens, hormone-disrupting chemicals, chemicals that have never been tested for health effects. And we're putting these chemicals on our bodies, in our hair, on our babies, day after day, and the toxic exposures are adding up. Ok, and what it will do in to us?Well, we see, unfortunately as we know, many increases in er, certain types of cancer, infertility, learning disabilities, there's a lot of evidence showing that chemical pollutants are contributing to those increases in chronic diseases. So we think that it's a good idea to reduce toxic exposures wherever we can, you know, starting with the products we are putting on our bodies. OK, now let's talk about some of the things that you brought. (Yeah.) Because, you know, here's the, that shampoo there (Yes.) that we probably all used at one time or another. Yes, we analyzed a dozen popular baby shampoos and children's bubble baths and found that found all of them contained one,four-dioxin which is a probable human carcinogen according to the EPA, was not listed on the labels. Companies don't have to tell us about contaminants or fragrance chemicals. So often toxins that aren't on the label are in the products. This is a very cute product, you know, obviously meant to appeal to children, (bubble bath, ah-ha. ) has a warning label right on it that says prolonged exposure may cause urinary tract irritation. (Let me turn this around, yeah, I haven't seen that before.) and actually many children's products have that. (Really?) You dont really want kids sitting in the tub for a long period of time with these chemicals. OK, you know, I'm looking at this choking hazard warning sign, I don't think I would even notice there's the other one. OK.And I found this, you know, at ground level, where a child will find it and grab it not let go of it.Ok, lipstick, we wear it every day!Well, lipstick, yes, we found 61% of lipsticks contain lead, including some high-end brands, this is a .2 tube of lipstick that definitely does not need to contain lead, (Ok, and finally these products) er, some of the more toxic products, very disturbingly, are targeted at women of color. We see skin whitening creams, this has hydroquinone, highly toxic, banned in Europe, legal, er, in the US. And then, here's another example of a product hair relaxer, targeting children. You know, that's a five-year-old on the cover. Now I have to ask you have there been scientific studies to prove to us that these are harmful to us because, we are, were just going to take your word for this, but I'm sure there are some people who would say this is not true. Yeah, well, what we know is that some of these chemicals are unknown to cause cancer, health effects. You know, the companies will say it's just a little bit of toxin (Right.) in the baby shampoo. Yes, it's true but we're using these products everyday and then the exposures are adding up. Well, what about the FDA, what about the EPA? Isn't somebody regulating this industry?Well, most people are surprised to find out NO. Companies can put any chemical nearly into personal care products, no safety testing, without telling us everything that's on the label. So, this industry needs to be regulated. And that's what we're working toward. All right, raising awareness. OK, what can we do if we don't want to use any of these. I mean if you want to use the right stuff? What do you do?Ok, simplify. Looking for, er, look at product labels, look for fewer chemicals, try to avoid synthetic fragrance, we also have a database where you can look up products called "Skin-deep free database" at safecosmetics.org. So, you know, there are tocsin resources for us to do our own research and until the industry is regulated, that's what we have to do. Ok, I know you're wearing a little foundation, I don't see your lipstick on it. Is that on purpose? Well, I do wear makeup, I love makeup. I believe all makeup can and should be safe. OK, Malkan, and you, we have some help now. So, if you'd like to know more about all of this, you can go to our website abc7chicago.com, click on "see it on TV" and the website you mentioned will be there too? Thank you very much. Yes, safecosmetics.org.And you were speaking of the Sunday event, which is also on our site.Yes, Sunday at the Green Festival, check out the Green Festival Sunday at noon. OK, thank you so much for joining us today.Thank you. phthalate:【化】邻苯二甲酸盐neurotoxin:【化】 神经毒素deodorant:【化】 除臭剂; 芳香剂carcinogen:n. 致癌物质urinary tract:【医】 泌尿道 hydroquinone:【化】 氢醌; 对苯二酚200812/59585

Spain erupts in nationwide fiesta as 'dream comes true'A thunderous roar erupted across the Spanish capital and fans danced in the streets chanting "Viva Espana!" as the country's first ever World Cup trophy sparked a nationwide fiesta.The centre of Madrid was a sea of the red and gold national colors as Spain celebrated its nailbiting 1-0 extra-time win over Holland Sunday.The deafening sounds of cheering, klaxons, firecrackers and cars horns rang out as the World Cup's perennial underachievers won the trophy in their first appearance in the final thanks to a late goal from Andres Iniesta."The dream has come true," said the El Pais daily on its website.Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero said he was "happy and emotional."This has been an epic match, I suffered like never before," he told Cadena Ser radio.In blistering heat, more than 150,000 supporters watched the match on massive screens in a giant fan park in a one-kilometre (half-mile) stretch of the city's main thoroughfare."We are very proud and very happy, I thought it would go to penalties, Iniesta saved us," said Raul, 18. "We deserved it after winning the European championship in 2008."Said Adolfo, 25, "It's an extraordinary feeling, of happiness and nerves."Others crammed into bars or gathered at home for the match, which left the country paralysed for two and a half hours Sunday evening.Most were either wrapped in the Spanish flag, wore the red team shirts or red wigs, or had their faces painted red and gold.One young woman was disguised as an octopus, in tribute to Paul, the now famous clairvoyant cephalopod in Germany who predicted Spain's victory."Spain, Spain, Spain!" screamed the daily El Mundo in a headline on its website. "This World Cup has crowned one of the best teams of all time."Vocabulary:fiesta:(in Spain and Latin America) a festive celebration of a religious holiday(特指在西班牙和拉丁美洲以游行和舞蹈来庆祝的节日)nailbiting:causing nervousness(令人焦躁不安的,令人紧张的)underachiever:a person or thing that performs below expectations(后进生,低成就者)clairvoyant:having or claiming to have the power of seeing objects or actions beyond the range of natural vision(透视的,有洞察力的)背单词 — 装英语词汇201007/108876

时尚度假新方式 交换你我住处炎炎夏日就要到了,大家都有度假的计划吧?怎样做到既经济又浪漫呢,交换住处似乎是个明智的选择。互相交换住处对双方都有利,零出,却收获了满满的幸福。Susanne and Clyde Billings are on vacation in Los Angeles, visiting their son and his family. "We're paying zero, nada." Nothing for the use of this two-bedroom condo with a gourmet kitchen and a table big enough for the entire family to gather around."Everybody for themselves." That's because the owners Judy and David are staying at the Billings'home in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico. "We hope they are on the balcony, enjoying a cocktail or a Pepsi, and just having a grand old time." Home exchanges are becoming a popular and economical way to travel. "Exchange. What is that? We switch houses, cars, everything. I haven't done it before but friends of mine have." "Where are you?" In the movie The Holiday, Kate Winslet swapped her quaint English cottage for a Hollywood mansion. "The word is getting out, especially in this economy, that this is the way to vacation like there's no recession."Here's how it works: You pay a small fee to join a home exchange site, list your home, then search for places you want to visit. On HomeExchange.com, there are 27,000 listings in 120 countries, homes in Greece and Ireland, Thailand, and the Canary Islands. The Billings are on their seventh home exchange. "Maybe the first time we were a little bit apprehensive, second time may be a little bit apprehensive, but after that it's… just a regular thing and we don't worry about it any more."In fact they are aly planning their next trip. Carla Wohl, A News, Los Angeles.06/74593

Embassy representatives in Washington, D.C., work regularly with lawmakers on Capitol Hill and U.S. officials at the State Department.各国驻华盛顿使馆的代表定期跟美国国会议员和国务院官员一道工作。Nearly four dozen of them also extend their diplomatic efforts into city schools. They visit hundreds of 5th and 6th graders in D.C. classrooms, as part of the Embassy Adoption Program.不过,有40个大使馆也花时间走访华盛顿特区各学校的5年级和6年级学生。这就是使馆认养项目。Getting to know youIn one classroom at Aiton Elementary School, the Embassy of Saudi Arabia is hosting a fashion show. Staffer Tarik Allagany explains the different types of robes and head scarves as students model traditional Saudi dress. 在爱顿小学校的一间教室里,沙特阿拉伯使馆正在主持一个时装表演。充当模特儿的学生展示传统的沙特装,使馆工作人员塔利克.阿拉加尼讲解各种不同的长袍和头巾。"They put patterns on them," he says. "Anything that they see in the desert - colors, flowers."“衣上有各种图案,包括人们在沙漠看到的任何东西,任何颜色和花草。”The 5th grade class is part of the Embassy Adoption Program, which matches embassies with classrooms in the nation’s capital. Each year, the program gives thousands of youngsters a unique, inside look at another country and its culture. 这个5年级的班是使馆认养项目的一部分。认养项目把使馆跟美国首都的一些班级结成对子,每年都给数以千计的儿童一个独特机会,了解另一个国家及其文化。After their fashion show, the Aiton students munch on sweet dates, and ask Allagany about other aspects of Saudi life.时装表演之后,爱顿小学的学生们大口大口地吃着蜜枣,并且向阿拉加尼了解沙特生活的其他方面。"Who's the first Muslim in the world?" asks one student.“谁是世界上第一个穆斯林?”"That would be Prophet Mohammed," Allagany answers.“那是先知穆罕默德。”Allagany wants students to know about the relationship between the ed States and Saudi Arabia which, he says, is not just about oil. 阿拉加尼希望学生们了解美国和沙特阿拉伯之间关系不仅限于石油。"We have the cultural ties, the educational ties, the healthcare ties, even the social ties and I haven't even touched on the political alliances between our two countries." 他说:“我们有文化关系,教育关系,医疗关系,乃至社会关系。我还没谈到两国的政治联盟呢。”201102/125990

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