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2017年10月21日 20:27:17 | 作者:飞渡评测 | 来源:新华社
西班牙斗牛士现场直播被公牛杀死 -- :38: 来源: 西班牙一名斗牛士在现场直播中被公牛杀死,这还是本世纪西班牙第一个被公牛杀死的斗牛士 Victor Barrio, 9, a professional bullfighter, was killed when the bull’s horn pierced his chest.维克多·巴里奥今年9岁,是一名专业斗牛士,最近他在一场斗牛表演中被公牛杀死,当时公牛的尖角刺穿了他的胸膛The fight, in the eastern town of Teruel, was being broadcast live on TV.这场斗牛表演发生在西班牙东部城市特鲁埃尔,当时正在电视上直播Also on Saturday, a -year-old man died after being gored by a bull during a bull run through the village of Pedreguer, near Valencia.同样在周六,一名岁的男子也被公牛顶死了,当时瓦伦西附近一个叫佩德雷格尔的的村子里正在举行奔牛节The last matador to die in a bullfight in Spain was Jose Cubero, or Yiyo, in 1985.西班牙上一个因斗牛而死亡的斗牛士是若泽·库贝罗,那是1985年的事儿了Television footage shows the bull throwing Barrio into the air bee goring him on the right-hand side of his chest and violently throwing him.据电视台的录像显示,公牛将巴里奥高高抛起,然后顶在了他胸腔的右侧,非常凶猛地将他抛了出去Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy paid his condolences to Barrio on his Twitter feed.西班牙首相马里亚诺·拉霍伊在推特上表达了对巴里奥的同情A comment on the official feed of the Las Ventas bull ring in Madrid, where Barrio began as an apprentice, said it was "distressed and very moved" by his death.马德里拉斯班塔斯斗牛场(巴里奥在这里开始当学徒)也发表了,称巴里奥的死亡“让人非常哀伤、难过”El Pais newspaper said that in the past century, 1 people, including 33 matadors, had been killed by bulls in Spain.西班牙《国家报发表报道说,在过去的一个世纪里,西班牙有1人(包括33名斗牛士)被公牛杀死Last year, leading matador Francisco Rivera Ordonez was badly hurt while taking part in a bullfight in the north-eastern town of Huesca.去年,著名斗牛士佛朗西斯科·里维拉·奥多涅斯严重受伤,当时他参加了在韦斯卡东北部小镇举行的斗牛表演About ,000 bullfights are still held every year in Spain, but the numbers are falling. In , Catalonia became the second Spanish region after the Canary Islands to ban the tradition.西班牙每年仍然要举行大约00场斗牛表演,但是这一数字正在下降年,继卡纳里之后,加泰罗尼亚成为西班牙第二个禁止斗牛的地区Opponents describe the blood-soaked pageants as barbaric, while fans - including Mr Rajoy - say the tradition is an ancient art m deeply rooted in national history.反对者们称斗牛表演是野蛮的象征,而包括拉霍伊在内的持者们则认为斗牛是根植于西班牙历史的一种古老艺术In the other incident on Saturday, a man was killed while running alongside bulls in Pedreguer. Spanish media said he was trying to help another runner when he was gored in the throat and abdomen.在周六的那场事故中,佩德雷格尔一名男子在追赶公牛奔跑时不幸遇难据西班牙媒体报道,当时他正试图帮助另一名奔跑者,但是自己却被公牛顶在了喉咙和腹部Meanwhile, in the San Fermin bull running festival in Pamplona on Saturday, a 33-year-old Japanese man was gored in the chest and a Spanish man in the arm. Another people were injured, the regional government in Pamplona said.与此同时,本周六在潘普洛纳的圣费尔明奔牛节上,一名33岁的日本人被公牛顶伤了胸膛,一名西班牙人被顶伤了胳膊据潘普洛纳当地政府表示,还另有人受伤他真的喜欢你吗?情感探测器告诉你 --9 :3:5 来源: 无需再次猜测!“银翼杀手”风格的“情感探测器”会告诉你,第一次约会时对方是否真的被你所吸引这件有趣的设备的灵感来自于198年的经典科幻电影《银翼杀手里用来鉴别生化人的一个审讯工具Voight-Kampff No more second guessing! Blade Runner-style ’emotion detector’ could reveal if a person REALLY finds you attractive on a first date无需再次猜测!“银翼杀手”风格的“情感探测器”会告诉你,第一次约会时对方是否真的被你所吸引First dates can be a nerve-wracking experience, filled with unease and uncertainty over whether or not the other person is interested.初次约会是一件非常伤脑筋的经历,对方是否对自己感兴趣,你对此充满了不安与不确定But new technology that could help clear up at least some of the mystery surrounding such dates might be on its way.但一项新技术,将有助于缓解这种约会可能会带来的一些神秘的氛围An ’emotion detector’ has been created which researchers claim will be able to tell whether or not a person finds you attractive almost instantly.研究人员发明了一种“情感探测器”,据称可以帮助你判断对方是否真的被你所吸引Researchers at the University of Lancaster were inspired to make the device by a gadget featured in the 198 sci-fi fantasy film ’Blade Runner’.英国兰卡斯特大学的研究人员表示,这件有趣的设备的灵感来自于198年的经典科幻电影《银翼杀手Replicating the Voight-Kampff machine, a fictional interrogation tool, the research team created a device that mimics this emotion-detector.模仿影片中的一个科幻审问工具Voight-Kampff,研究团队设计出了这个“情绪探测器”The design team, which includes the Centre Spatial Analysis (CASA) at UCL, is keen to get people to think about the ethical implications of a world in which we use computers to monitor or even manipulate our emotions.该团队成员还包括来自伦敦大学学院(UCL)空间分析中心的人员,该团队希望它能够引导人们去思考,我们使用电脑来监测甚至操纵我们的情感世界的伦理含义The polygraph-like Voight-Kampff machine was used by a police ce in the film, to determine if an individual was a biorobotic android, detected using a test to provoke emotional responses.在《银翼杀手中,警察们使用类似测谎仪的Voight-Kampff机器来探测对象的情绪反应,并借此判断对方是否是生化机器人It measured body functions like blush response, respiration, heart rate and eye movement in response to questions dealing with empathy.它测量人体在回答涉及到情绪问题时产生的诸如脸红、呼吸、心率和瞳孔的变化Designers at Lancaster are now researching technologies their own Voight-Kampff machine including an ear-piece which measures skin and heart rate responses and a pupil-dilation measure.而兰卡斯特大学的研究人员设计的Voight-Kampff机器则包括一个能戴在耳朵上的装置,它可以测量皮肤温度、心率反应和瞳孔扩程度等The team’s fictional speculative device is set against an online dating backdrop and is designed, in theory, to determine how the first interaction is going.研究团队这款设备是根据在线约会的背景设计的,从理论上讲,它主要用来确认在线约会的双方第一次接触时如何反应The machine clips onto the bottom of a smartphone or tablet.这个机器安装在智能手机或者平板电脑的底部This machine looks and feels very real and has even prompted a film-making company in the States to request filming us manufacturing the device,’ said Professor Coulton, ’design fiction’ expert and head of the research team.“这台机器的外观和感觉非常真实,甚至吸引了一家电影制作公司提出要拍摄我们制造这台设备的过程”该项目负责人,“design fiction”专家Paul Coulton教授说But this is actually a tool creating some pretty serious discussions.’“但它实际上是用来引发一些很严肃的讨论的工具”Design fiction involves speculative design which heralds what might come about in the future world of human computer interaction, said Professor Coulton.Coulton教授解释说,所谓的Design fiction,是一种推测性设计方法,它主要用来预测人机交互的未来可能会发生什么The factor that differentiates and distinguishes design fiction from other approaches is its novel use of "world building" “区分和区别推测性设计方法与其他方法的一个重要因素在于其对“世界构建”方法的全新应用”As an example, we built this world in which rules detecting empathy will become a major component of future communications.“我们把这这个装置作为一个例子,用来构建一个情绪检测成为未来沟通主要组成部分的一个世界“We take inspiration from the sci-fi film "Blade Runner" to consider what a plausible world, in which it is useful to build a Voight-Kampff machine, might be like.“为此我们从科幻电影《银翼杀手中获得了灵感,因为这个电影就虚构了一个类似的Voight-Kampff机器”People are working towards this kind of thing,’ he added.“人们正在慢慢把这种事情变为现实”他补充说What we are doing is questioning whether it has a place in our society - what kind of uses they have and what the world would actually be like with them. We want people to think about the ethical implications of what we do. Technically a lot of this is possible but is it actually what we want?’“我们在做的是质疑它是否会在我们的社会中有位置——它们的用处是什么,以及有了它们世界会变成什么样我们想要人们去思考这样一个道德问题——很多东西从技术上是可能的,但是我们真的想要它吗?”科普贴:周末凭啥只有两天~ -- 18:56:0 来源:chinadaily In a nation where people work more than anyone else in the industrialized world, the two-day weekend helps keep us sane. 工业化世界,大家都争相拼工作量,在这样的国家里,双休日有助我们保持理智 No matter how exhausted you are at your nine-to-five, the promise of two full days set aside socializing, sleeping in, and brunching in the afternoon always looms on the horizon. 无论你朝九晚五有多劳累,都保能匀出两整天时间参与社交、睡个懒觉、下午的时候早餐午餐并作一顿,而这正有愈演愈烈之势 People working 0 years ago weren't so lucky.The modern work week began to emerge during the industrial revolution—thanks in part to our hard-partying predecessors. 两百多年前的人可没那么幸运现代工作周在工业革命期间应运而生,这多亏了我们夜夜笙歌的先祖们 Reserving one holy day a week rest and worship is an ancient tradition. Things took a turn in Britain during the 19th century when workers started using their one day off pleasure. After cramming a week's worth of fun and debauchery into a single day, employees would often come into work the next morning hungover or end up taking the whole day off to recuperate. 一周留出一天瞻礼日休息休息、做做礼拜是一古老传统在19世纪的英国,事情发生了转折,工人们开始花一天时间享乐,而把整个星期的玩乐和逍遥压缩成一天后,员工们第二天早晨上班常常是宿醉未醒、或者要请上一天假恢复疲劳 In the face of newly-med labor unions and pressure from religious groups to keep Sundays holy, the five-day, 0-hour work week was signed into law with the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938. 当时工会成立不久、宗教团体又施加压力要求礼拜天作瞻礼,一周五天工作制、每周四十小时的工作量签署成为法律,写入了1938年颁布的《公平劳动标准法中 The practice of playing hooky on the first day of the work week, also known as ;Saint Monday,; became so common in the 19th century that many employers started making Saturdays a half-day as a compromise. 工作日第一天偷个懒,即人们所知的“圣周一”在19世纪非常普遍,不少雇主开始安排周六干半天活,作为折衷 While the two-day weekend is a fairly recent phenomenon, today some people are working to extend it even longer. 尽管双休日这一现象近年才有,如今仍有人想要延长双休科学家警告美国导弹防御系统挡不住朝鲜进攻 -- :: 来源: 美国科学家指出,美国本土导弹防御系统存在巨大漏洞且可靠性极地,或不能真正保卫美国 The U.S. missile defense system to counter attacks from rogue states like North Korea has no proven capability to protect the ed States and is not on a credible path to achieve that goal, a science advocacy group has warned.据一个科普宣传小组警告说道,美国用以反击朝鲜这样无赖国家进攻的导弹防御系统没有被明拥有足够的能力来保护美国,并且导弹防御系统本身也不是一个能够实现保卫美国目的的可靠方法The ground-based midcourse missile defense system, which has deployed 30 interceptors in Alaska and Calinia, has been tested under highly scripted conditions only nine times since being deployed in , and failed to destroy its target two-thirds of the time, the Union of Concerned Scientists said in a report.据“忧心科学家联盟”的一份报告指出,路基中段导弹防御系统在阿拉斯加和加尼福利亚部署有30多个拦截机,而自从年部署以来,这些装置只在精心设计的情况下被实验了9次,其中有6次都不能摧毁目标’The story of this system is a cautionary tale about how the lack of appropriate oversight of a politically charged missile defense program has led to a system in tatters,’ said the report, written by three physicists with expertise in missile defense.导弹防御领域三名物理学家写了这份报告,这份报告说道:“这个系统的情况很有警示意义,它说明了一个政治控制的导弹防御系统在缺少适当监督的情况下,能够怎样导致系统崩溃”‘After nearly years of eft to build the GMD homeland missile defense system, it still has no demonstrated real-world capability to defend the ed States,’ said Laura Grego, a UCS physicist who co-authored the report.UCS物理学家劳拉·格雷戈共同撰写了这份报告,他说道:“在美国本土路基中段导弹防御系统建造大约年之后,它仍然没能显示出能够真正保卫美国的能力”Deficiencies in the program, which has cost 友谊的巨轮:挪威送芬兰一座山当百岁生日礼物! --30 :59:31 来源: 友谊地久天长!芬兰即将迎来独立0周年纪念日,邻国挪威闻讯打算送给芬兰一座山峰! Thinking of giving a little summit to your neighbor a 0th birthday present? What about a mountain?你能想象送一座小山包给你的邻居当0岁生日礼物吗?一座山呢?Norwegian Prime Minister Erna Solberg said this week her government was considering a proposal to move the country’s border 0 meters (about 0 feet) -- gifting Finland a mountain its 0 years of independence in .挪威首相厄纳·索尔伯格本周表示说,她的政府正在考虑一项议案,移动该国边界0米(约合0英尺)--从而在年的时候将一座山峰送给芬兰当做独立0周年的礼物"So far I have not made any decisions, but we are looking into this matter," Solberg told state broadcaster NRK.索尔伯格对挪威国家广播电台NRK说道:“到目前为止我还没有做出任何决定,但是我们正在考虑这件事”The proposal follows a public campaign on Facebook to give Finland the Halditcohkka peak of Halti Mountain. The mountain sits on the border between the two countries -- with its peak on the Norwegian side.这份议案来源于Facebook上的一项公开活动,将哈尔蒂亚山的Halditcohkka峰给与芬兰这座山位于挪威和芬兰两国的边界线上--峰顶在挪威一侧By shifting the border slightly, the summit, measuring 1,331 meters (,366 feet), would instead reside in Finland.通过移动些许边界,山顶(31米高,约合366英尺高)将会属于芬兰While Norway has many high mountains, its neighbor is a little more vertically challenged. Should the proposal go ahead, the Halditcohkka peak would become Finland’s highest point.虽然挪威拥有许多高山,但是其邻国芬兰却多为低地如果这份议案被通过,Halditcohkka峰将成为芬兰最高山"We have a lot of mountains, and this is just a small mountaintop," said Sondre Lund, a Norwegian student who set up the initial Facebook campaign.最初在Facebook上发起这项活动的是一位名叫桑德里·伦德的挪威学生,他说道:“我们拥有许多山,而这只不过是一个小山顶”"It’s such a small thing, but such a big thing also. All the Nordic countries have great relations; this is just a part of that."“这是一件非常小的事,也是一件非常大的事所有的北欧国家都有很好的关系;而这(个行为)只是这个关系的一部分”Lund was inspired by Bj?rn Geirr Harsson, a retired employee of the Norwegian Mapping Authority who suggested the idea while taking border measurements in 197.伦德之所以有此想法是因为受到了比约恩·盖尔·哈桑的启发,哈桑是挪威测绘局的一名退休员工,他曾在197年从事边界测量时提出这个想法"I was taken aback by why on earth (Finland) had not received this peak," Harsson told The Local, a Norwegian English-language newspaper.哈桑对挪威一份英语报纸《本地人说道:“我当时很吃惊,芬兰到底是为什么没有接管这个山峰呢?”"It would barely be noticeable ( Norway). And I’m sure the Finns would greatly appreciate getting it."“对于挪威来说,失去这座山峰的影响几乎察觉不到但是我肯定芬兰人会非常感激得到它” billion so far and is being expanded to include interceptors by , are due largely to a Bush administration decision to exempt the system from normal oversight and ability, to rush it into service by , Grego said in an interview.这一系统到目前为止已经耗费了00亿美元,并且还预计将在年前将拦截机数量增加到座格雷戈在一次采访中表示说,由于布什政府在年急于把该系统建成役,而使得这个系统不用通过正常的监督和问责程序,从而使得这个系统现在拥有很多缺陷’Instead of getting something out to the field that worked well or worked adequately, in fact this has been a disaster. It’s done the opposite,’ she said.格雷戈说道:“这个系统并没有很好或者较好地解决问题,事实上这简直就是一场灾难这个系统起到了相反的作用”The Obama administration’s efts to improve oversight while keeping the system outside the normal development and procurement process have contributed to the problems, she said.格雷戈表示说,奥巴马政府想要试图加强对这一导弹防御系统的监督,但是却仍然将这个系统独立于正常的发展和采购程序之外,从而使得这个问题更为严重了’The lack of ability has had and will have real lasting effects, especially a system ... that’s strategically important.“问责的缺失已经、而且还将产生真正的持续性影响,尤其对这样一个具有重要战略意义的系统来说”It should be held to the highest standards, the highest rigor,’ she added.格雷戈补充说道:“这个系统应该保持最高标准,最高的严谨性”The Missile Defense Agency said in a statement the rapid deployment requirement in the law that created the system was ’a driving factor’ in the delivery of a ground-based interceptor with ’reliability challenges.’导弹防御局发表了一份声明,指出法律要求对这一系统进行快速部署,从而使得这个系统成为了地基拦截机使用过程中产生“可靠性问题”的“最重要原因”The agency said the problems had led to changes in the interceptor’s design and a program to improve reliability, including use of more mature technologies.导弹防御局表示说,这些问题已经使得他们改变了拦截机的设计,并且设计了一个程序来提升可靠性,使用了更多成熟的技术

香港上百名妈妈地铁公开哺乳 抗议歧视 -- 19:39:18 来源: 5月7日,上百名年轻妈妈在香港地铁站联合上演了一场;母亲节母乳快闪;活动,以此来抗议公开母乳喂养曾遭受的歧视More than 0 nursing mothers participated at a unique subway station flash mob in Hong Kong on Saturday aimed at dispelling the social stigma against breastfeeding in public.5月7日,上百名年轻妈妈在香港地铁站联合上演了一场;母亲节母乳快闪;活动,以此来抗议公开母乳喂养曾遭受的歧视The flash mob kicked off at the Tai Wai Mass Transit System (MTR) station at 3pm local time, with hundreds of nursing mothers accompanied by children wielding pink signs saying ;Breastfeeding everywhere!;.当地时间下午三点,上百名哺乳的母亲在孩子的陪同下聚集在香港地铁大围站,挥舞着手中写有;持自由哺乳;的粉色标语,开始了这次快闪行动The event, organized by breastfeeding advocate group the MamaMilk Baby Alliance, called on nursing mothers on Motherrsquo;s Day to join in the cause ;to raise public awareness of the importance of breastfeeding and the need to breastfeed in public,; according to the grouprsquo;s website.这场活动由持公开母乳喂养的妈妈牌同盟发起并组织据该组织网站的相关资料显示,妈妈牌同盟号召哺乳的母亲在母亲节这一天加入这场快闪行动,以此来提高公众对于母乳喂养重要性的认识,了解公开场合母乳喂养的需要Breastfeeding, called a rsquo;magic bullet to survivalrsquo; by UNICEF, prevents up to percent of all infant deaths while boosting childrenrsquo;s immune systems against diarrhea and pneumonia.联合国儿童基金会曾表示母乳喂养可防止高达%的婴儿死亡率,并可以提高孩子的免疫系统,防止出现严重腹泻或肺炎等症状,是孩子得以存活的;灵丹妙药;;Breast milk is the best food childrenrsquo;s health and development... it provides all of the vitamins, minerals, enzymes and antibodies that children need to grow and thrive,; says the UN organization, which since 1977 has condemned the Swiss Nestle confections company marketing baby mula that has increased infant mortality in developing countries by between six and 5 times.联合国儿童基金会强调:;母乳可提供孩子生长发育过程中所需要的维生素、矿物质、酶以及抗体等物质,可以说是保障孩子健康成长和发展的最佳食物;瑞士雀巢公司曾向发展中国家出售含有有毒物质的婴幼儿配方奶粉,使当时婴儿死亡率增加了6到5倍该组织自1977年以来一直谴责该事件的发生According to a survey by the Hong Kong Committee, up to 0 percent of nursing mothers in Hong Kong are shamed breastfeeding in public, with people either staring or making remarks, the Hong Kong Free Press cited.据香港自由媒体报道,根据香港委员会所进行的调查显示:在香港,有将近0%的哺乳期妈妈不好意思在公共场合哺乳喂养,因为这一举动会遭到周围人群的注视或指指点点The Department of Health has also noted that as few as .3 percent of all Hong Kong mothers exclusively breastfeed their children the first half year of their lives, as recommended by the World Health Organization.卫生部指出,在香港,仅有.3%的母亲照世界卫生组织的建议,在孩子出生后整整上半年期间都通过母乳的方式喂养孩子

研究发现:看“擦边球”色情影片的人对女性的态度更消极 -- 19:1: 来源: 据英国心理协会的一项报告显示,经常看色情影片的人会对女性持有消极态度,而经常看“擦边球”影片的人可能会更加看不起女性 Previous studies have shown links between hard-core pornography and increased sexual deviance, including sex offences, negative attitudes to intimate relationships and acceptance of rape myths.之前已经有研究表明,色情影片和性异常行为的增加有关与之相关的性异常行为包括性侵犯、对亲密关系的消极态度、以及对强奸神话的接受But the effects of soft porn, including images found in tabloid newspapers and websites, are less well studied.但是对于包括小报纸和网页上的“擦边球”色情来说,相关的研究却非常少Sophie Daniels and Dr Simon Duff from the University of Nottingham said this lack of research is surprising, as people are more likely to be exposed to ’soft-core’ semi-nude images of women through the media, advertisements and using social media.据来自诺丁汉大学的索菲亚·丹尼尔斯和西蒙·达夫士表示,这一领域少有人关注的现象令人非常吃惊,因为通过媒体、广告和社交媒体等手段,人们更容易接触到“软性”色情,例如半裸的女性照片The pair looked any links between how much someone was exposed to soft-core images of women and their thinking and behaviour towards women.这两人不放过任何一个线索,积极寻找测验者在接触软性女性图片和对女性的看法、行为等之间的联系They found that people who were frequently exposed to soft-core images were desensitised to them and were less likely to describe them as ’pornographic’ than people with lower levels of exposure.他们发现那些经常接触软性色情图片的人对自己的行为不太敏感,相较于那些浏览内容更无下限的人来说,这些人不太可能说自己“色情”In addition, the study showed that people who viewed soft-core images often were less likely to hold positive views of women.更甚者,这份研究发现,那些浏览软性色情图片的人更难以对女性保持一个积极的态度However, the researchers add that it’s unclear whether the habit drives the attitude or vice versa.但是,这两名研究者还补充说,他们不清楚到底是这个习惯导致了这些人对女性的观点,还是说这些人对女性本来就是这个态度,所有才会产生这种行为习惯’This research is unfinished at this stage and certainly isn’t enough to draw conclusions about cause and effect or about any public health threat,’ said Kaye Wellings, Professor of Sexual and Reproductive Health, London School of Hygiene Tropical Medicine.伦敦卫生和热带医药学院的性与生殖健康教授凯·威灵斯说道:“在目前这个阶段,这份研究还没有完成而且很显然,还不能够对原因和结果、以及任何对公共卫生的威胁下定论”’There is extremely limited data available so we can’t know how robustly the research has been carried out. Those surveyed were a small sample of undergraduate students and are not representative of the population.“我们可以获得的数据非常有限,我们不知道对这个领域的研究进展如何这项研究的数据样本很小,而且全部是本科学生,并不能代表所有人口”Researchers talked to more than 1,000 children aged to as part of the study, which is the most extensive look at the impact of porn on secondary school pupils in the UK to date.在这项研究中,研究者们访谈了00名到岁大小的孩子,这是目前为止在英国就色情影片影响初中生最为广泛的一次调查Children’s charity NSPCC said an entire generation of children was at risk of being ’stripped of their childhoods’ through exposure to pornography at a young age.据英国儿童慈善机构“全国防止虐待儿童协会(NSPCC)”表示,由于在很小的时候就接触到色情,英国整整一代儿童都有被“剥夺童年”的风险A Department Culture, Media and Sport spokeswoman said the government was working to impose stricter age verification methods to websites.据英国文化、媒体和体育部门的一位发言人表示,政府正致力于在网上实施更加严格的年龄验措施They added: ’Keeping children safe online is one of Government’s key priorities. Just as we do offline, we want to make sure children are prevented from accessing pornographic content online which should only be viewed by adults.’他们说道:“保障儿童的网络安全是政府的关键优先事项之一就像我们在现实生活中所做的那样,我们必须确保儿童无法接触到那些只能够被成年人浏览的色情内容”

泰勒·斯威夫特加入版权保护法修改情愿活动 --3 19:38: 来源: 近日,各大唱片公司和180余位美国音乐人为争取更多的利益,联名签署发表公开信,要求修改现存的《千禧年数字版权法 Musicians including Taylor Swift, U and Sir Paul McCartney have called online copyright laws to be remed.包括泰勒·斯威夫特,U乐队和保罗·麦卡特尼在内的音乐人纷纷号召修改网络版权法More than 180 artists have signed an open letter criticising the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA).180余名艺人家联名发表公开信批评《千禧年数字版权法They claim the law benefits companies that "exploit music their financial enrichment", but not artists.他们声称这部法律的受益者是那些“利用音乐作品增加赚钱手段的”公司,而不是真正的艺人One journalist said the music industry was "making mischief" to get more money from sites such as YouTube.一名记者表示,音乐产业为了从Youtube等网站手中赚到更多的钱正在“搬弄是非”Falling revenues效益受损At the heart of the open letter is a claim that "music consumption has skyrocketed" but the money earned by writers and artists has "plummeted".这封公开信称“与音乐产业相关的消费额如坐火箭般急速攀升”,可是歌曲的作者和艺人赚到的钱却在“飞快减少”Figures from the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) show that CD sales in the US fell from $bn (?9bn) in 1999, to .5bn in . Paid music subscriptions and downloads totalled .bn last year, failing to make up the shortfall.美国唱片业协会发布的数据显示,美国的唱片销售收入由1999年的0亿美元降到了年的亿美元,而付费音乐订阅和下载业务收入总额为亿美元,完全无力填补两者的差额The open letter appears to lay the blame on the DMCA, which protects websites from being sued if users upload copyright music.公开信直斥《千禧年数字版权法是造成这一切的罪魁祸首这项法律规定,如果用户将受到版权保护的音乐传到网站上,网站将不会遭到起诉It has been published at a time when the US congress is evaluating the DMCA, and record labels are renegotiating deals with YouTube.公开信发表时,美国国会正在对《千禧年数字版权法进行重新评估,而唱片公司也正同YouTube商讨新协议The letter has been signed by major record labels and a variety of singers including Cher, Lady Gaga, Engelbert Humperdinck, Britney Spears and Sir Elton John.各大唱片商加入了这项活动,包括Cher,LadyGaga,英格伯特·汉普丁克,“小甜甜”布莱妮和埃尔顿·约翰在内的歌手纷纷在公开信上署名’Impossible’“不存在可能性”The DMCA has a so-called "safe harbour" provision that stops websites being held responsible copyright infringement by their users.《千禧年数字版权法中所谓的“安全港”条款令各大网站免于因其用户侵犯著作版权的行为而遭到起诉A website cannot usually be blamed if its users upload copyright music or s - as long as the site removes the infringing content when it becomes aware of it.网站只要及时发现并删除用户上传的音乐或视频中侵犯他人版权的内容后通常将免于起诉The open letter said musicians did not have the resources to search copyright infringement and then report it to websites.公开信则表示音乐人根本不具备搜索并上报这些内容的条件"It’s impossible tens of thousands of individual songwriters and artists to muster the resources necessary," it said.信中说道:“让数万名歌曲作者和艺人掌握必需的资源根本是不可能的”The letter comes a week after a US federal appeals court ruled that sharing site Vimeo could not be held responsible pre-197 music recordings uploaded to the site by its users.公开信发表一周前,美国一家联邦法院做出裁定,视频分享网站Viemo不必为其用户上传的197年以前的唱片侵犯版权而负责Automatic tools自动审查工具Critics of the open letter have highlighted the fact that some websites aly offer tools that can automatically detect copyright infringement.反对公开信内容的人称一些网站上早已开始使用工具自动搜索侵犯版权的内容"YouTube offers sophisticated tools that not only allow the music industry to zap unauthorised s but, if they choose, to insert ads to make money off them instead," wrote law reporter Jeff Roberts in tune.《财富杂志的法律记者杰夫·罗伯斯写道“Youtube提供了精密的检测工具,音乐公司可以屏蔽相关视频,也可用广告链接取而代之”YouTube has previously explained that 99.5% of copyright claims on its platm are dealt with automatically, and that in 95% of cases the music industry puts ads on unauthorised uploads rather than blocking them.Youtube此前解释称其平台上99.5%的版权纠纷是通过自动的方式解决的,其中95%的公司没有屏蔽相关视频,而是插入了广告链接Facebook has said it is developing its own content detection tools, which are currently available to selected media partners - and there are third party tools such as Kobalt, which record labels can use to trawl social media sites and detect copyright music.Facebook称公司正在开发自家网站专属的内容审查工具,可供搜索涉及到入选的媒体伙伴的内容,同时各大唱片公司可以使用第三方工具Kobalt来搜索社交媒体网站,检测自身受到版权保护的音乐作品"The bottom line is that the music industry is still coming to terms with how to make up the loss of CD sales, which provided labels with enormous profit margins they have been unable to reproduce in the digital era," wrote Mr Roberts.“唱片销售过去可是棵摇钱树,这件事的底线在于音乐公司仍在纠结于如何弥补唱片销量下降带来的损失,数字音乐作品的贡献实在是杯水车薪”"That’s a problem the industry, but not one that will be solved by misguided attacks on YouTube and the DMCA."“这确实是音乐产业面对的巨大问题,可盲目攻击YouTube和《千禧年数字版权法绝非问题的解决之道”The open letter was printed in a number of publications distributed in Washington DC on Tuesday.在华盛顿特区发行的数家刊物都在周二刊登了这封公开信

再见,科比,再见,青春~ --7 3:50: 来源:i1st 导读:北京时间年月日,全世界的目光聚焦洛杉矶,只为一个叫科比的男人,而这个男人,代表了我们一代人的青春时分(美国洛杉矶当地时间月日时分),随着洛杉矶斯台普斯中心终场哨声的响起,科比?布莱恩特职业生涯的最后一场比赛正式结束,一个传奇落下了帷幕It was April , and Kobe Bryant was at the peak of his career, dominating the court by spinning, shooting and scoring. Then suddenly, as he tried to maneuver his way around a defensive guard, he started to stumble and fall. Bee the game ended, Bryant fell again, and he could barely walk.那是年的四月,当时的科比正处于职业生涯的巅峰,转身、投篮、得分,他就是球场上的主宰然而,当他试图摆脱对方后卫时,却绊了一下跌倒了比赛结束前,他再次摔倒,那时他几乎无法走路“I remember feeling the silence. I remember feeling the fear... This can be the end,” Bryant recalled in his documentary, Kobe Bryant’s Muse. His fears were well founded. He had ruptured his left Achilles tendon. It was the kind of injury that ended US All-Star player Isiah Thomas’ career.科比在个人纪录片《科比的缪斯中回忆起当年的那个场景时说:“我记得当时一片肃静,我记得恐惧的感觉……这可能就是(我职业生涯的)终点”他完全有理由害怕他的左脚跟腱断裂,而美国全明星球员伊赛亚?托马斯正是因为同样的部位受伤才结束了自己的职业生涯Bidding farewell to a sport you love is hard. But Bryant took an even harder, more painful route: His goodbye lasted nearly three years.和自己挚爱的运动告别着实不易但科比选择了一条更艰难,更痛苦的路:他用了近三年时间说出这句再见Seven months after his injury, he was back on the court again. But his permance never quite recovered. Bryant led the Lakers as the team set a record with three consecutive season losses. Over the course of this season, which happens to be Bryant’s last, he logged the worst rate shooting accuracy in the league.受伤七个月后,科比重新回到了球场不过他的表现却远不及受伤前科比带领的湖人队连续三个赛季刷新负场记录本赛季,也就是科比的最后一个赛季,他创下了联赛最低投篮命中率But many, Bryant remains a legend. He started out as a basketball prodigy who skipped college and took his talents directly to NBA. His deadly agility and aggressive tactics earned him the nickname Black Mamba. Fans remember him as the player who helped the Lakers clinch five NBA championships in his two-decade long career.但是对很多人来说,科比依然是一个传奇他一开始就带着篮球奇才的标签,跳过大学,凭借自己的天赋直接(以高中生身份)进入美国职业篮球联赛(NBA)在年的职业生涯中,他惊人的敏捷性和极富攻击性的进攻策略帮助湖人队五次夺得总冠军But the sad fact is that the Lakers may have been better off if Kobe played less this season. Last month, they won a game against one of the best teams in NBA history, the Golden State Warriors. Bryant spent the fourth quarter of that game resting on the bench. But the team has otherwise made an eft to keep him on the court, in part to thank him decades of service. As teammate D’Angelo Russell told CBS, their job this season is to “get Kobe the ball”.不过令人伤感的事实却是,本赛季科比上场时间越少,湖人队表现得越好上个月,他们战胜了NBA历史上最强球队之一的金州勇士队整个第四节比赛科比都坐在替补席上不过为了感谢科比二十年来的贡献,球队也尽力让他留在赛场上队友德安杰洛?罗素告诉哥伦比亚广播公司,他们本赛季的任务就是“传球给科比”The back-to-back losses ced Lakers coach Byron Scott to defend Bryant. He told the press on numerous occasions that Bryant has earned the right to take as many shots as he wants, despite his fluctuating permances.比赛接连失利让湖人队教练拜伦?斯科特不得不出来为科比说话他在无数的场合告诉媒体,尽管表现不稳定,但科比为自己挣得了投篮的权利,他想投多少次都可以The Lakers’ fans have also been very supportive. Currently, the Lakers rank as the second-worst team in the league, but it sells more tickets than leading teams like the Golden State Warriors. The reason this is simple: Fans want to see Bryant playing on the court.湖人队的球迷也很持球队这么做现在湖人队排名全联盟倒数第二,但它却比排名靠前的球队,如金州勇士队卖出的球票更多原因很简单:球迷们想看科比打球Bryant’s final game is scheduled April at the Staples Center in his home city of Los Angeles. Bryant, the occasion is bittersweet. In an interview with ESPN, Bryant explained how much these last few games meant to him. “There’s nothing I love more than being able to play this entire season,” Bryant said, “to go through these tough times, to play in these buildings one last time.”科比的告别赛于月日在他家乡洛杉矶的斯台普斯中心进行对科比而言,这是个悲喜交加的场合在接受美国体育节目电视网采访时,科比解释了最后几场比赛对他意味着什么他说:“我最爱的事就是能打完这个赛季,度过这个艰难的时期,在这些球场里最后再打一次球”


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